5-PANEL – Marijuana, Cocaine, Amphetamines, Opiates & Phencyclidine
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Instant kits are kept in-stock and may be purchased by stopping by any TADTS office.
Tetrahydrocannabinol – a.k.a., MARIJUANA – THC – CANNABINOIDS – POT
THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is the primary active ingredient in cannabinoids (marijuana). This.is the component in marijuana that gets one “high.” When smoked or orally administered, it produces euphoric effects. Users have impaired short term memory and slowed learning. They may also experience transient episodes of confusion and anxiety.
Marijuana smoke, just like tobacco smoke, has been proven to cause lung cancer and other forms of cancer as well. Marijuana is also known as the “gateway drug”, leading many people to other harder and more addictive drugs down the road.
Short-term effects of marijuana use include problems with memory and learning; distorted perception; difficulty in thinking and problem-solving; loss of coordination; and increased heart rate, anxiety, and panic attacks.
Long term relatively heavy use may be associated with behavioral disorders. The peak effect of smoking marijuana occurs in 20-30 minutes and the duration is 90-120 minutes after one cigarette. Elevated levels of urinary metabolites are found within hours of exposure and remain detectable for 3-10 days after smoking. The main metabolite excreted in the urine is 11-nor-.9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid (.9-THC-COOH).
Cocaine (COC), a.k.a.: Crack – Snow – Flake – Blow – Dust, etc.
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that is processed from the naturally occurring cocoa plant. Users describe cocaine as giving them an ultimate rush, a feeling of power and invincibility Cocaine is a commonly abused drug around the entire world. Long term effects of cocaine usage include cardiovascular problems, extreme paranoia, and when snorted, can cause rupturing of the mucus membranes and can cause the nasal septum to collapse. The major ways of taking cocaine are sniffing or snorting, injecting, and smoking (including free-base and crack cocaine).
Cocaine is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant and a local anesthetic. Initially, it brings about extreme energy and restlessness while gradually resulting in tremors, over-sensitivity and spasms. In large amounts, cocaine causes fever, unresponsiveness, and difficulty in breathing and unconsciousness.ont
Cocaine is often self-administered by nasal inhalation, intravenous injection and free-base smoking. It is excreted in the urine in a short time primarily as Benzoylecgonine1,2. Benzoylecgonine, a major metabolite of cocaine, has a longer biological half-life (5-8 hours) than cocaine (0.5-1.5 hours), and can generally be detected for 24-48 hours after cocaine exposure.
Amphetamine and related drugs such as methamphetamine are a group of drugs that act by increasing levels of norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine in the brain. The group includes prescription CNS drugs commonly used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults and children. It is also used to treat symptoms of traumatic brain injury and the daytime drowsiness symptoms of narcolepsy and chronic fatigue syndrome. Initially, amphetamine was more popularly used to diminish the appetite and to control weight.
Brand names of the drugs that contain amphetamine include Adderall, Vyvanse, and Dexedrine. The drug is also used illegally as a recreational drug and as a performance enhancer. The name amphetamine is derived from its chemical name: alpha-methylphenethylamine. The name is also used to refer to the class of compounds derived from amphetamine, often referred to as the substituted amphetamines.
Recreational users of amphetamine have coined numerous nicknames for amphetamine, some of the more common street names for amphetamine include speed, crank, and whizz. The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction reports the typical retail price of amphetamine in Europe varied between 10€ and 15€ a gram in half of the reporting countries.
Opiates are drugs that produce a rush of intense pleasure, followed by a sense of well-being and a calm, drowsy state. Opiates are processed from opium, a chemical which is derived from the naturally occurring chemical morphine, which is found in the poppy plant. Opiates include the drugs heroin, morphine and codeine. All of these drugs are highly addictive and cause many health problems. Long term effects of opiates include collapsed veins, cellulitis, heart failure and abnormal brain wave patterns. Opiates are among some of the leading common drugs of abuse today.
Opiate generally refers to any drug that is derived from the opium poppy, including the natural products, morphine and codeine, and the semi-synthetic drugs such as heroin. Opioid is more general, referring to any drug that acts on the opioid receptor.
Opioid analgesics comprise a large group of substances which control pain by depressing the central nervous system. Large dose of morphine can produce higher tolerance levels, physiological dependency in users, and may lead to substance abuse. Morphine is excreted unmetabolized, and is also the major metabolic product of codeine and heroin. Morphine is detectable in the urine for several days after an opiate dose.
Phencyclidine – PCP
PCP, technically known as Phencyclidine, is a hallucinogen that was first distributed as a surgical anesthetic in the 1950’s. However, it was soon removed from the market because people that had used it soon became delirious and experienced intense hallucinations. The effects of PCP range from mood swings, euphoria, hallucinations and self harming. It can be taken by inhalation, smoking, orally or intravenously. Not a common drug of abuse today, it is however still used frequently enough to need to be tested for.
Phencyclidine, also known as PCP or Angel Dust, is used in powder, capsule, and tablet form. The powder is either snorted or smoked after mixing it with marijuana or vegetable matter. Phencyclidine is most commonly administered by inhalation but can be used intravenously, intra-nasally, and orally. After low doses, the user thinks and acts swiftly and experiences mood swings from euphoria to depression. Self-injurious behavior is one of the devastating effects of Phencyclidine.
PCP can be found in urine within 4 to 6 hours after use and will remain in urine for 7 to 14 days, depending on factors such as metabolic rate, user’s age, weight, activity, and diet.5 Phencyclidine is excreted in the urine as an unchanged drug (4% to 19%) and conjugated metabolites (25% to 30%).